I am very happy that after roughly 50,000 miles and over 4 years of fifth wheel trailer towing I have never damaged the trailer, had a blowout, ran out of fuel or been stuck.
I started out as a complete newbie, never having towed a thing in my life. The first thing I did was off to the nearest big open parking area and practice, practice, practice! The first few times out were, I have to admit, a little nerve wrecking but as I got more and more hours under my belt everything became easier.
Practice, practice, practice!
This has to be the all-time best tip you can get. You can read all the information you want but the only way to truly learn is by doing it over and over. It’s how you learned to drive your car, right? Take some cones and mark out pretend scenarios like backing into a campsite, turning through some tight corners, etc.
Learn how your rig reacts and how long it takes the trailer to turn and how much extra room it takes. This is also a good time to get a feel for the braking. Towing a trailer makes the stopping distance greater and the braking practice will give you a sense of how much distance is going to be a safe distance to stop.
Respect the Weight
One thing you have to appreciate is how much mass you are moving around. With the trailer hooked up your movements must be slow, steady and deliberate. If you perform any jerky movements you’re not going to be able to correct the motion the same way as in a car. I see this issue all the time on the freeway when folks pulling trailers do a jerky quick lane change and then spend 10 seconds trying to get the trailer to stop fish tailing.
When braking, remember that even though you may have electric trailer brakes they won`t stop on a dime. Always give plenty of space in front in case a panic stop takes place ahead. I have had more than one occasion where I rounded a corner only to find a line of dead stopped cars waiting in a construction zone.
Hitching and Unhitching
This can be a little different depending on the type of hitch you have but here are a few basic tips.
- Make sure the tailgate is down! Seen all those trucks with bashed up tailgates? Now, you can imagine why. Also on the flip side when done make sure the tailgate is up or you will carve out a nice hole in the front trailer cargo bay door.
- Always attach the emergency brake cable, at least in the unlikely event the trailer comes unhitched it will stop itself.
- Before raising the front jacks too far and after hookup give the trailer a tug test with the truck to make sure the hitch jaws are fully engaged. That step can save your truck bed rails from getting squished by a falling fifth wheel. This is a good time to check the trailer brakes are working too.
- Always chock your wheels even if the ground seems really flat, you never know, better safe than sorry.
- Don’t let people distract you while doing the hitch operations. To many bad things can happen if you forget something.
- Keep the hitch lubed and clean. I use a round plastic type lube plate on my pin and works great. Check the nut and bolt torque settings every once in a while too
I have a routine for hitching and unhitching and do it the same every time, that way it becomes second nature, and I’m less likely to forget something. Just before departure my wife goes through our checklist and I confirm the tasks were done.
When your towing it is your responsibility to have complete attention on the truck, trailer, and road. Don’t be chatting on the phone, playing with the radio, trying to read the map, etc. Unlike a car, your recovery and reaction time is limited due to the weight and size of the rig. Every second will count if an emergency maneuver is required.
I won`t even let Anne play a podcast while we drive unless we are on a very wide open expressway with little traffic or she uses headphones. I like to listen to all the noises and sounds so if anything sounds different I’ll know. Hearing a tire hissing or axle bearing squealing early can mean the difference between slowly pulling over or frantically trying to maintain control.
Mirrors, use them!
Mirrors are your best friend when towing. Make sure you set yourself up with ones big enough and far out from the vehicle enough to see all the way down the trailer side to the back. Mine are set so I can see the trailer walls and the tires. This way I can see if a tire is running low or worse is blown. The next thing to do is add blind spot fish eye type mirrors as an add-on. With these, you can see vehicles that sneak up beside you, your trailer roof line and they are an aid when backing up the trailer. Always keep your mirrors as clean as you can and check them often to watch what’s happening behind you.
The fifth wheel is going to demand some extra care and attention when taking sharp corners. When you take the corner the trailer is going to track a path inside that of your tow vehicle. How much depends on the length and it is something that is important to get to know. The more you practice the better feel you’ll have as to how wide of a turn you need. During the turn take it slow and check your mirror to make sure the trailer is clearing the corner.
Also, keep in mind the back-end of the trailer will swing wider than the tow vehicle path so allow space for this. Very important in tight campgrounds where I’ve been witness to many small crunches to people’s trailer sides as they scrape an obstacle such as a tree or post. Worse yet the electrical pedestal or water tap!
Plan Your Route
This can save you much time and aggravation. When you are touring around in a car it’s so easy to turn around, get fuel, and deal with any type of roadway. Not so much when your 40–65 feet long and 12-14 feet high. Always plan ahead and know where you’re going with the trailer before departing. Some of the websites I use to check on weather, routes and campsites are listed in this blog post. It is important to know the terrain you’ll be towing through, is it hilly? too curvy? rough road? etc. Where are the easy in and out fuel stops. Nothing worse than being in some unknown town with low fuel trying to jam yourself into a tight situation to refuel.
Cities take extra planning such as knowing when rush hour might be, what’s the bypass route and if they have tolls. The internet is a wonderful resource and if in doubt about the routing go to one of the many good forums like RV.net, IRV2.com, RVForum.net and just ask. You’ll usually get a boat load of information back from folks that have done the same route or have intimate local knowledge.
Pay attention to your Tires
A big problem fifth wheel and travel trailers may face is tire blowouts. All the weight and stress eventually is on the little patch of rubber meeting the road. I watch my tires like a hawk. Before every tow, I check the pressure, lug nut torque, visually inspect the sidewall and treads. Whenever stopped for a rest break I feel the tires for overheating along with the bearings. A handheld infrared temperature gun is also a great tool for this.
Many people invest in a tire pressure monitoring system and it is on my upgrade list. Replace your tires after 5-7 years whether they look like they need it or not. Tires can look perfect but be rotten on the inside. This is especially true if they sit for long periods of time without use. For an extra margin of safety when I purchased my second set of tires, I elected to upgrade them to a higher load range. Just a little extra piece of mind as the OEM manufacturers are notorious for barely meeting the safety requirements to save a dime.
Our Gusty Friend Wind
I find the wind to be the biggest enemy to my fifth wheel trailer towing experience. Being that the rig is near 13 feet high and box-shaped any sort of wind has a dramatic effect. The worse scenario is on the big Interstate highways when traveling among the tractor trailers. When it’s really gusty and they are passing by you pushing a lot of air themselves there is a push-pull effect that happens that you must be aware of. The wind can also devastate fuel mileage and is hard on the truck trying to pull the trailer through it, worse if you add hills into the equation.
So I always check the weather and tend to plan my tow days around the wind. Many times I will leave a day early or a day late to get the least wind. One time we were towing across South Dakota’s rolling hill country into 30 mph winds I had enough and just pulled into a fancy RV Resort to wait it out. May as well spend the money on a nice place then diesel fuel spent to drag the trailer through a wall of wind. I find traveling in anything above 25-30 mph of wind is no fun.
Backing it up
This can be the most intimidating part of fifth wheel ownership. The dreaded backing into a campsite with the local peanut gallery watching.
- The first tip is to take your time, rushing it is only going to enhance the chance of problems. Fifth wheels respond to your steering input in a delayed manner, by going slow you have a better chance to correct a miss guided path. It will help if you can pull a good distance ahead before backing in to allow plenty of space for a gradual turn into the spot.
- Second use a spotter always!! Also have a good simple set of hand signals and have the spotter always visible in your mirrors. A set of two way radios or cell phones for communication is another good option.
- Third is GOAL. GOAL stands for get out and look. I will sometimes do this twice or more if in doubt, no shame in looking. It’s actually an acronym used by professional truckers.
- Fourth, look at your tires. I always watch the path the tires are taking as that is where the trailer will go. If you watch the back of the trailer it can get you out of line quickly as there is a large swing to the end and doesn’t follow the same arc as the tires. When backing don’t forget about the front of the truck. It’s so easy to get wrapped up in the looking back you crash into something right in front of yourself.
- Finally always look up and have your spotter look up. It is easy to forget how high the rigs are. A low tree limb can ruin your camping trip.
Take your Time
Traveling in the RV is not a race. It is meant to be enjoyable. Make sure you don’t overdo the mileage. I tend to stick to between 100-250 miles as a nice distance in a day. I feel any longer than that and you start to speed and get tired. Two really bad things on the highway. If you feel tired at all pull over somewhere and take a nap, you have your house with you after all. Instead of taking the fastest Interstate highway, try a slower secondary road and you may discover interesting things or that super cool off the beaten path camping spot.
Well, that’s my Trailer Towing Tips. Hope this helps some of you RVers that are new to towing. For more help check out my post and video specifically explaining backing a fifth wheel trailer and another one with advice on traveling on the Interstate highways.
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